Provincial crop report - May 23, 2017

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Manitoba Agriculture 

Dry and moderate weather conditions at the start of the week were reported with cooler and rainier conditions for the latter part. About 10 to 30 mm of rain came on the weekend for most of the eastern half of the province.

 

Seeding operation progressed well during the week. Rains reported in the central, eastern and interlake areas are helping to re-supply surface soil moisture and improve emergence of later planted crops. It is estimated that 85 to 90 per cent of seeding is completed in Manitoba.

Frost conditions reported in all regions with temperatures dipping to -2°C to as low as - 6°C on Friday May 19. Most frost sensitive crops like canola and soybeans were not yet emerged limiting the extent of damage. There are some reports of reseeding but very limited. Early planted cereal crops are growing well and many fields are in the two to three leaf stage. Herbicide applications are being done as fields are in the proper stage and weather conditions allow. Forage growth has been slow, but the recent rains and gradually warmer conditions should help. Cattle are being moved out to pastures as forage growth allows. Water supplies are considered adequate.

Southwest region

Dry and windy conditions during the week in most parts of the region allowed many more acres to be seeded. Daytime temperatures were variable going from normal to above normal. There were a couple of nights with temperatures falling below freezing in the -3°Celsius in some areas. There are some reports of frost damage south west of Highway #1 but no reports of reseeding yet. Most frost sensitive crops had not emerged when the frost hit. Many farmers are still seeding around the clock while good conditions prevail.

Overall 75 per cent seeding is done in the Southwest region. Cereals are 80 to 90 per cent done, canola is 50 to 60 per cent complete. Field pea seeding is mostly completed and emerging well. Soybeans are about 60 to 70 per cent range done planted. Majority of corn is planted. Most farmers are hoping for a rain that would help mellow seeded soil and provide sufficient moisture for germinating canola. Most crops seeded before last week have emerged. Soil temperatures have been stable at around 8 to 13°C this past week.

Most spring seeded cereals are in the one to three leaf stage. Some very early soybeans have emerged. Canola is in the cotyledon stage and should be checked regularly for flea beetles. Corn is emerging.

Winter cereals are in the tillering stage and growing well. Most herbicide applications are done on winter cereals.

Pastures are greening up but remain short requiring a rain and some warmer temperatures to stimulate growth. Alfalfa and clover stands are growing well. Dugouts have remained within their normal level. Many potholes on farmland have dried up allowing field equipment to cultivate and plant them to annual crops. Most areas need rain to stimulate growth. Producers are moving cows to pasture.

Central region

Cooler than normal weather conditions in the second half of the week as well as frost mid-week slowed crop development were experienced. Daily air temperature averages declined into the 9 to 10°C range. Seeding continues, with the majority of the crop in the ground in most areas. The region received some rainfall this past week, with many areas ranging from 10 to 20 mm. Dry conditions prevail in some lighter textured soils in the southwest part of the region, and seed germination is limited as a result. Blowing soil is a concern in these areas. Some soil erosion was seen from corn stubble fields planted on heavier soilsSeeding overall ranges from 80 to 100 per cent complete, with progress most advanced in eastern and southern parts of the region. Progress is less advanced in areas to the north and west, but progressing quickly.

The majority of cereals are in the ground. Most fields are germinating to two leaf stage, with the most advanced wheat in the three leaf stage.

Canola acres range from 80 to 100 per cent complete, with progress most advanced in areas to the east and south. More reports of flea beetle activity, with injury seen in fields that have been seeded the earliest as the seed treatment protection weakens. Slow emergence and growth due to cool weather conditions and dry soils have allowed for flea beetle injury to occur. Both striped and crucifer types are being seen. Insecticide applications are being applied to headlands, and in a few cases, entire fields. Canola is in the cotyledon to 2 leaf stage, in eastern areas where the crop has been in the ground the longest. Warmer temperatures will stimulate growth, and allow crops to advance to less susceptible stages of injury. Fields need to be monitored closely up to the 4 leaf stage.

The majority of field pea acres are starting to emerge, as is corn. Sunflowers and flax are starting to emerge. Soybean acres range from 80 to 100 per cent seeding complete, with the south and eastern parts of the region most advanced. Some fields are starting to emerge.

Edible bean planting is about 30 per cent complete to date. Planting should continue this week in areas that didn’t receive rainfall.

Post-seed and pre-emergent herbicide applications as well as post-emergent applications are a challenge due to windy conditions. Some growers are having a hard time keeping up to pre emergence spraying. The rain also delayed spraying progress. Post-emergence applications have begun in the most advanced cereals, with some early spraying for wild oat control. Wild oat pressure is high in some fields. There is a lot of weed pressure, broadleaf and grassy weed types, in many fields especially where early application attempts were thwarted by adverse weather conditions.

Pasture conditions are rated as fair; but range from poor to good. Excess moisture is still a concern for some pasture and forages; others need a good rain. Forage growth in pasture and hay fields is progressing, but slowed last week due to cooler temperatures and light frost. Alfalfa in the northwest part of the region has suffered winterkill, and fields have uneven growth. Pasture growth is not yet adequate to turn cattle out. Livestock water supply is rated as adequate.